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July 28, 2014utbf_team@hotmail.com

Lady Mary Killigrew and Elizabeth Trewinnard, Lady Killigrew

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Mary was the daughter of a former Suffolkpirate. Mary’s husband Sir Henry Killigrew, a former pirate himself, was made aVice-Admiral by Queen Elizabeth I and tasked withsuppressing piracy. Whenever her husband went to sea Mary engaged in piracyusing the staff of her castle (Arwenack Castle in Cornwall)as crew and possibly with the Queen’s knowledge. In 1570 she captured a Germanmerchant ship off Falmouth and her crew sailed it to Irelandto sell. However, the owner of this ship was a friend of Queen Elizabeth whothen had Lady Mary arrested and brought to trial at the Launceston assizes.Some sources say she was sentenced to death and then pardoned by the Queen butthis is due to confusion with another family member. According to sources, herfamily either bribed the jurors and she was acquitted or Queen Elizabetharranged a short jail sentence. Whatever transpired, she gave up pirating andtook up fencing stolen goods until she died several years later.

Elizabeth Trewinnard, Lady Killigrew

Elizabeth was also known as “Old Lady Killigrew”.

(b. before 1523- died after 1582), was an aristocratic Cornishwoman and an accused pirate during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I of England. She was the wifeof Sir John Killigrew of Arwennack, Cornwall.She and her husband received and stored stolen goods at their home, ArwennackHouse. In 1582, she was arrested and sentenced to death after she sent herservants to seize the cargo aboard a ship anchored in Falmouth harbour. Queen Elizabeth eventuallypardoned her, and she was released from prison.
Elizabeth was born on an unknown date in St. Erith, Cornwall,the second eldest daughter of James Trewinnard (1490- 1523), of St. Erith, andPhilippa Carminow (died 9 August 1563).
She married Sir John Killigrew (died 1567) of Arwennack, bywhom she had a total of ten children:
Sir John Killigrew MP (died 5 March 1584), married Mary Wolverston (1540- before1671), by whom he had issue.
Peter Killigrew, married Ellen Higgins
Thomas Killigrew
Sir Henry Killigrew, married firstly Katherine Cooke, bywhom he had issue; married secondly, Jael de Peigne, by whom he had issue.
Sir William Killigrew, married Margery Saunders, by whom hehad issue
Jane Killigrew, married John Michell
Anne or Amy Killigrew
Grace Killigrew, married John Tretherffe
Alice Killigrew, married Richard Bonython
Margaret Killigrew, married Sir Francis Godolphin MP, Governor of the Scilly Isles,by whom she had issue.
In the 1540s, PendennisCastle was built for King Henry VIII on Sir John’s lands and thelatter became the first hereditary captain of the castle which meant hecontrolled all of the shipping in the Falmoutharea; however, he used his privileged position to prey on the cargoes of theships that came within his reach. In 1567, Arwennack House was fortified as astronghold and used to store stolen merchandise from raids on ships. Elizabethand her husband paid large fees to harbour and city officials, bribing them tolook the other way when carrying out their illicit activities. Elizabethplayed an active role in the piracy, and apparantly enjoyed the adventure morethan her husband.[1]
Historian Neville Williams described Elizabethas a “tough and unprincipled businesswoman” who managed ArwennackHouse and oversaw the burial of treasure in her garden.
Her husband died in 1567.
In 1582, Elizabeth,by that time in her 60s, heard a rumour that there was treasure aboard the Hanseaticship Marie of San Sebastian anchored in Falmouthharbour, and she sent her servants to seize the ship and search the cargo.Despite rumours to the contrary, it’s not likely she ever personally went on araid; however she was arrested for having received and fenced stolen goods after the seizure of Marieof San Sebastian where a factorwas murdered when the ship was boarded by her raiding party. Her sons, Sir John, Peter, and Thomas, her grandson John, as well as herdaughter-in-law, Mary Wolverston, and her grandson’s wife, Dorothy Monk, werealso charged with having engaged in acts of piracy. Elizabethwas brought to trial and sentenced to death, although she eventually received apardon from Queen Elizabeth. Two of Elizabeth’s sons, Sir Henryand Sir William, secured her release from prison after having paid substantialbribes.
Elizabeth diedon an unknown date in St. Budock, Cornwall.
One of her many descendants, Elizabeth Killigrew, became a mistress of King Charles II of England, to whom she bore adaughter in 1650. Other notable descendants were dramatist ThomasKilligrew, poet SidneyGodolphin, and Sidney Godolphin, 1st Earl ofGodolphin.
Mary was the daughter of a former Suffolkpirate. Mary’s husband Sir Henry Killigrew, a former pirate himself, was made aVice-Admiral by Queen Elizabeth I and tasked withsuppressing piracy. Whenever her husband went to sea Mary engaged in piracyusing the staff of her castle (Arwenack Castle in Cornwall)as crew and possibly with the Queen’s knowledge. In 1570 she captured a Germanmerchant ship off Falmouth and her crew sailed it to Irelandto sell. However, the owner of this ship was a friend of Queen Elizabeth whothen had Lady Mary arrested and brought to trial at the Launceston assizes.Some sources say she was sentenced to death and then pardoned by the Queen butthis is due to confusion with another family member. According to sources, herfamily either bribed the jurors and she was acquitted or Queen Elizabetharranged a short jail sentence. Whatever transpired, she gave up pirating andtook up fencing stolen goods until she died several years later.

Elizabeth Trewinnard, Lady Killigrew

Elizabeth was also known as “Old Lady Killigrew”.

(b. before 1523- died after 1582), was an aristocratic Cornishwoman and an accused pirate during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I of England. She was the wifeof Sir John Killigrew of Arwennack, Cornwall.She and her husband received and stored stolen goods at their home, ArwennackHouse. In 1582, she was arrested and sentenced to death after she sent herservants to seize the cargo aboard a ship anchored in Falmouth harbour. Queen Elizabeth eventuallypardoned her, and she was released from prison.
Elizabeth was born on an unknown date in St. Erith, Cornwall,the second eldest daughter of James Trewinnard (1490- 1523), of St. Erith, andPhilippa Carminow (died 9 August 1563).
She married Sir John Killigrew (died 1567) of Arwennack, bywhom she had a total of ten children:
Sir John Killigrew MP (died 5 March 1584), married Mary Wolverston (1540- before1671), by whom he had issue.
Peter Killigrew, married Ellen Higgins
Thomas Killigrew
Sir Henry Killigrew, married firstly Katherine Cooke, bywhom he had issue; married secondly, Jael de Peigne, by whom he had issue.
Sir William Killigrew, married Margery Saunders, by whom hehad issue
Jane Killigrew, married John Michell
Anne or Amy Killigrew
Grace Killigrew, married John Tretherffe
Alice Killigrew, married Richard Bonython
Margaret Killigrew, married Sir Francis Godolphin MP, Governor of the Scilly Isles,by whom she had issue.
In the 1540s, PendennisCastle was built for King Henry VIII on Sir John’s lands and thelatter became the first hereditary captain of the castle which meant hecontrolled all of the shipping in the Falmoutharea; however, he used his privileged position to prey on the cargoes of theships that came within his reach. In 1567, Arwennack House was fortified as astronghold and used to store stolen merchandise from raids on ships. Elizabethand her husband paid large fees to harbour and city officials, bribing them tolook the other way when carrying out their illicit activities. Elizabethplayed an active role in the piracy, and apparantly enjoyed the adventure morethan her husband.[1]
Historian Neville Williams described Elizabethas a “tough and unprincipled businesswoman” who managed ArwennackHouse and oversaw the burial of treasure in her garden.
Her husband died in 1567.
In 1582, Elizabeth,by that time in her 60s, heard a rumour that there was treasure aboard the Hanseaticship Marie of San Sebastian anchored in Falmouthharbour, and she sent her servants to seize the ship and search the cargo.Despite rumours to the contrary, it’s not likely she ever personally went on araid; however she was arrested for having received and fenced stolen goods after the seizure of Marieof San Sebastian where a factorwas murdered when the ship was boarded by her raiding party. Her sons, Sir John, Peter, and Thomas, her grandson John, as well as herdaughter-in-law, Mary Wolverston, and her grandson’s wife, Dorothy Monk, werealso charged with having engaged in acts of piracy. Elizabethwas brought to trial and sentenced to death, although she eventually received apardon from Queen Elizabeth. Two of Elizabeth’s sons, Sir Henryand Sir William, secured her release from prison after having paid substantialbribes.
Elizabeth diedon an unknown date in St. Budock, Cornwall.
One of her many descendants, Elizabeth Killigrew, became a mistress of King Charles II of England, to whom she bore adaughter in 1650. Other notable descendants were dramatist ThomasKilligrew, poet SidneyGodolphin, and Sidney Godolphin, 1st Earl ofGodolphin.
Mary was the daughter of a former Suffolkpirate. Mary’s husband Sir Henry Killigrew, a former pirate himself, was made aVice-Admiral by Queen Elizabeth I and tasked withsuppressing piracy. Whenever her husband went to sea Mary engaged in piracyusing the staff of her castle (Arwenack Castle in Cornwall)as crew and possibly with the Queen’s knowledge. In 1570 she captured a Germanmerchant ship off Falmouth and her crew sailed it to Irelandto sell. However, the owner of this ship was a friend of Queen Elizabeth whothen had Lady Mary arrested and brought to trial at the Launceston assizes.Some sources say she was sentenced to death and then pardoned by the Queen butthis is due to confusion with another family member. According to sources, herfamily either bribed the jurors and she was acquitted or Queen Elizabetharranged a short jail sentence. Whatever transpired, she gave up pirating andtook up fencing stolen goods until she died several years later.

Elizabeth Trewinnard, Lady Killigrew

Elizabeth was also known as “Old Lady Killigrew”.

(b. before 1523- died after 1582), was an aristocratic Cornishwoman and an accused pirate during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I of England. She was the wifeof Sir John Killigrew of Arwennack, Cornwall.She and her husband received and stored stolen goods at their home, ArwennackHouse. In 1582, she was arrested and sentenced to death after she sent herservants to seize the cargo aboard a ship anchored in Falmouth harbour. Queen Elizabeth eventuallypardoned her, and she was released from prison.
Elizabeth was born on an unknown date in St. Erith, Cornwall,the second eldest daughter of James Trewinnard (1490- 1523), of St. Erith, andPhilippa Carminow (died 9 August 1563).
She married Sir John Killigrew (died 1567) of Arwennack, bywhom she had a total of ten children:
Sir John Killigrew MP (died 5 March 1584), married Mary Wolverston (1540- before1671), by whom he had issue.
Peter Killigrew, married Ellen Higgins
Thomas Killigrew
Sir Henry Killigrew, married firstly Katherine Cooke, bywhom he had issue; married secondly, Jael de Peigne, by whom he had issue.
Sir William Killigrew, married Margery Saunders, by whom hehad issue
Jane Killigrew, married John Michell
Anne or Amy Killigrew
Grace Killigrew, married John Tretherffe
Alice Killigrew, married Richard Bonython
Margaret Killigrew, married Sir Francis Godolphin MP, Governor of the Scilly Isles,by whom she had issue.
In the 1540s, PendennisCastle was built for King Henry VIII on Sir John’s lands and thelatter became the first hereditary captain of the castle which meant hecontrolled all of the shipping in the Falmoutharea; however, he used his privileged position to prey on the cargoes of theships that came within his reach. In 1567, Arwennack House was fortified as astronghold and used to store stolen merchandise from raids on ships. Elizabethand her husband paid large fees to harbour and city officials, bribing them tolook the other way when carrying out their illicit activities. Elizabethplayed an active role in the piracy, and apparantly enjoyed the adventure morethan her husband.[1]
Historian Neville Williams described Elizabethas a “tough and unprincipled businesswoman” who managed ArwennackHouse and oversaw the burial of treasure in her garden.
Her husband died in 1567.
In 1582, Elizabeth,by that time in her 60s, heard a rumour that there was treasure aboard the Hanseaticship Marie of San Sebastian anchored in Falmouthharbour, and she sent her servants to seize the ship and search the cargo.Despite rumours to the contrary, it’s not likely she ever personally went on araid; however she was arrested for having received and fenced stolen goods after the seizure of Marieof San Sebastian where a factorwas murdered when the ship was boarded by her raiding party. Her sons, Sir John, Peter, and Thomas, her grandson John, as well as herdaughter-in-law, Mary Wolverston, and her grandson’s wife, Dorothy Monk, werealso charged with having engaged in acts of piracy. Elizabethwas brought to trial and sentenced to death, although she eventually received apardon from Queen Elizabeth. Two of Elizabeth’s sons, Sir Henryand Sir William, secured her release from prison after having paid substantialbribes.
Elizabeth diedon an unknown date in St. Budock, Cornwall.
One of her many descendants, Elizabeth Killigrew, became a mistress of King Charles II of England, to whom she bore adaughter in 1650. Other notable descendants were dramatist ThomasKilligrew, poet SidneyGodolphin, and Sidney Godolphin, 1st Earl ofGodolphin.
Mary was the daughter of a former Suffolkpirate. Mary’s husband Sir Henry Killigrew, a former pirate himself, was made aVice-Admiral by Queen Elizabeth I and tasked withsuppressing piracy. Whenever her husband went to sea Mary engaged in piracyusing the staff of her castle (Arwenack Castle in Cornwall)as crew and possibly with the Queen’s knowledge. In 1570 she captured a Germanmerchant ship off Falmouth and her crew sailed it to Irelandto sell. However, the owner of this ship was a friend of Queen Elizabeth whothen had Lady Mary arrested and brought to trial at the Launceston assizes.Some sources say she was sentenced to death and then pardoned by the Queen butthis is due to confusion with another family member. According to sources, herfamily either bribed the jurors and she was acquitted or Queen Elizabetharranged a short jail sentence. Whatever transpired, she gave up pirating andtook up fencing stolen goods until she died several years later.

Elizabeth Trewinnard, Lady Killigrew

Elizabeth was also known as “Old Lady Killigrew”.

(b. before 1523- died after 1582), was an aristocratic Cornishwoman and an accused pirate during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I of England. She was the wifeof Sir John Killigrew of Arwennack, Cornwall.She and her husband received and stored stolen goods at their home, ArwennackHouse. In 1582, she was arrested and sentenced to death after she sent herservants to seize the cargo aboard a ship anchored in Falmouth harbour. Queen Elizabeth eventuallypardoned her, and she was released from prison.
Elizabeth was born on an unknown date in St. Erith, Cornwall,the second eldest daughter of James Trewinnard (1490- 1523), of St. Erith, andPhilippa Carminow (died 9 August 1563).
She married Sir John Killigrew (died 1567) of Arwennack, bywhom she had a total of ten children:
Sir John Killigrew MP (died 5 March 1584), married Mary Wolverston (1540- before1671), by whom he had issue.
Peter Killigrew, married Ellen Higgins
Thomas Killigrew
Sir Henry Killigrew, married firstly Katherine Cooke, bywhom he had issue; married secondly, Jael de Peigne, by whom he had issue.
Sir William Killigrew, married Margery Saunders, by whom hehad issue
Jane Killigrew, married John Michell
Anne or Amy Killigrew
Grace Killigrew, married John Tretherffe
Alice Killigrew, married Richard Bonython
Margaret Killigrew, married Sir Francis Godolphin MP, Governor of the Scilly Isles,by whom she had issue.
In the 1540s, PendennisCastle was built for King Henry VIII on Sir John’s lands and thelatter became the first hereditary captain of the castle which meant hecontrolled all of the shipping in the Falmoutharea; however, he used his privileged position to prey on the cargoes of theships that came within his reach. In 1567, Arwennack House was fortified as astronghold and used to store stolen merchandise from raids on ships. Elizabethand her husband paid large fees to harbour and city officials, bribing them tolook the other way when carrying out their illicit activities. Elizabethplayed an active role in the piracy, and apparantly enjoyed the adventure morethan her husband.[1]
Historian Neville Williams described Elizabethas a “tough and unprincipled businesswoman” who managed ArwennackHouse and oversaw the burial of treasure in her garden.
Her husband died in 1567.
In 1582, Elizabeth,by that time in her 60s, heard a rumour that there was treasure aboard the Hanseaticship Marie of San Sebastian anchored in Falmouthharbour, and she sent her servants to seize the ship and search the cargo.Despite rumours to the contrary, it’s not likely she ever personally went on araid; however she was arrested for having received and fenced stolen goods after the seizure of Marieof San Sebastian where a factorwas murdered when the ship was boarded by her raiding party. Her sons, Sir John, Peter, and Thomas, her grandson John, as well as herdaughter-in-law, Mary Wolverston, and her grandson’s wife, Dorothy Monk, werealso charged with having engaged in acts of piracy. Elizabethwas brought to trial and sentenced to death, although she eventually received apardon from Queen Elizabeth. Two of Elizabeth’s sons, Sir Henryand Sir William, secured her release from prison after having paid substantialbribes.
Elizabeth diedon an unknown date in St. Budock, Cornwall.
One of her many descendants, Elizabeth Killigrew, became a mistress of King Charles II of England, to whom she bore adaughter in 1650. Other notable descendants were dramatist ThomasKilligrew, poet SidneyGodolphin, and Sidney Godolphin, 1st Earl ofGodolphin.

Mary was the daughter of a former Suffolkpirate. Mary’s husband Sir Henry Killigrew, a former pirate himself, was made aVice-Admiral by Queen Elizabeth I and tasked withsuppressing piracy. Whenever her husband went to sea Mary engaged in piracyusing the staff of her castle (Arwenack Castle in Cornwall)as crew and possibly with the Queen’s knowledge. In 1570 she captured a Germanmerchant ship off Falmouth and her crew sailed it to Irelandto sell. However, the owner of this ship was a friend of Queen Elizabeth whothen had Lady Mary arrested and brought to trial at the Launceston assizes.Some sources say she was sentenced to death and then pardoned by the Queen butthis is due to confusion with another family member. According to sources, herfamily either bribed the jurors and she was acquitted or Queen Elizabetharranged a short jail sentence. Whatever transpired, she gave up pirating andtook up fencing stolen goods until she died several years later.

Elizabeth Trewinnard, Lady Killigrew

Elizabeth was also known as “Old Lady Killigrew”.

(b. before 1523- died after 1582), was an aristocratic Cornishwoman and an accused pirate during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I of England. She was the wifeof Sir John Killigrew of Arwennack, Cornwall.She and her husband received and stored stolen goods at their home, ArwennackHouse. In 1582, she was arrested and sentenced to death after she sent herservants to seize the cargo aboard a ship anchored in Falmouth harbour. Queen Elizabeth eventuallypardoned her, and she was released from prison.
Elizabeth was born on an unknown date in St. Erith, Cornwall,the second eldest daughter of James Trewinnard (1490- 1523), of St. Erith, andPhilippa Carminow (died 9 August 1563).
She married Sir John Killigrew (died 1567) of Arwennack, bywhom she had a total of ten children:
Sir John Killigrew MP (died 5 March 1584), married Mary Wolverston (1540- before1671), by whom he had issue.
Peter Killigrew, married Ellen Higgins
Thomas Killigrew
Sir Henry Killigrew, married firstly Katherine Cooke, bywhom he had issue; married secondly, Jael de Peigne, by whom he had issue.
Sir William Killigrew, married Margery Saunders, by whom hehad issue
Jane Killigrew, married John Michell
Anne or Amy Killigrew
Grace Killigrew, married John Tretherffe
Alice Killigrew, married Richard Bonython
Margaret Killigrew, married Sir Francis Godolphin MP, Governor of the Scilly Isles,by whom she had issue.
In the 1540s, PendennisCastle was built for King Henry VIII on Sir John’s lands and thelatter became the first hereditary captain of the castle which meant hecontrolled all of the shipping in the Falmoutharea; however, he used his privileged position to prey on the cargoes of theships that came within his reach. In 1567, Arwennack House was fortified as astronghold and used to store stolen merchandise from raids on ships. Elizabethand her husband paid large fees to harbour and city officials, bribing them tolook the other way when carrying out their illicit activities. Elizabethplayed an active role in the piracy, and apparantly enjoyed the adventure morethan her husband.[1]
Historian Neville Williams described Elizabethas a “tough and unprincipled businesswoman” who managed ArwennackHouse and oversaw the burial of treasure in her garden.
Her husband died in 1567.
In 1582, Elizabeth,by that time in her 60s, heard a rumour that there was treasure aboard the Hanseaticship Marie of San Sebastian anchored in Falmouthharbour, and she sent her servants to seize the ship and search the cargo.Despite rumours to the contrary, it’s not likely she ever personally went on araid; however she was arrested for having received and fenced stolen goods after the seizure of Marieof San Sebastian where a factorwas murdered when the ship was boarded by her raiding party. Her sons, Sir John, Peter, and Thomas, her grandson John, as well as herdaughter-in-law, Mary Wolverston, and her grandson’s wife, Dorothy Monk, werealso charged with having engaged in acts of piracy. Elizabethwas brought to trial and sentenced to death, although she eventually received apardon from Queen Elizabeth. Two of Elizabeth’s sons, Sir Henryand Sir William, secured her release from prison after having paid substantialbribes.
Elizabeth diedon an unknown date in St. Budock, Cornwall.
One of her many descendants, Elizabeth Killigrew, became a mistress of King Charles II of England, to whom she bore adaughter in 1650. Other notable descendants were dramatist ThomasKilligrew, poet SidneyGodolphin, and Sidney Godolphin, 1st Earl ofGodolphin.
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